Published On: Tue, Jan 31st, 2012

Furniture Industry in Turkey & Exports




furnitureFurniture  production  in  Turkey  dates  back  to  the  19th  century  and  was  done  in  small workshops  as  artisan  production.
However,  by  the  rapid  globalization  and  all  other aspects,  present  furniture  industry  is becoming  a fashion  sector.

In Turkey, furniture is produced both in workshops and industrial¬scale manufacturing units. Furniture production is highly fragmented among a large number of small workshops. These small workshops play an important role in producing hand carved and handmade furniture. Workshops are flexible establishments in nature and have enough capacity and labour force to expand their production line in order to supply large orders.

Large¬scale furniture firms on the other hand produce standard  models  by  using  automated  mass¬production  techniques  and  most  of  their production  is  oriented  towards  export.

Based on data provided by  Turkish  Statistical Institute  (TSI),  in  2008  furniture  production  was  realized  as  6.2  billion  Turkish  Liras.

According to the recent General Census of Industry and Business Establishments (2002), the  furniture  sector  employs  92,567  people  and  the  industry  has  29,346  companies manufacturing various furniture.

Besides, six furniture companies were included in the list for “the top 500 industrial establishments of Turkey” published by Istanbul Chamber of Industry. These six companies were; Merkez Çelik San. ve Tic. A.Ş, Boytaş Mobilya San. ve Tic. A.Ş, Merinos Halı Sanayi ve  Tic.  A.Ş,  İstikbal  Mobilya  San.  ve  Tic.  A.Ş,  Grammer  Koltuk  Sistemleri  Sanayi  ve Ticaret A.Ş and Yataş Yatak ve Yorgan San. Tic. A.Ş.

Furniture production in Turkey is concentrated mainly in Istanbul, Ankara, Bursa (İnegöl), Kayseri, Izmir and Adana. The most important furniture production districts are located İstanbul and the region of Bolu¬Düzce, which is famous for production of wooden items. “Siteler”, another well¬known furniture¬manufacturing district is located in Ankara. The number of registered small and medium sized enterprises in “Siteler” is over 10,000. In  Ankara,  there  are  many  labour–intensive  small  enterprises  manufacturing  classic¬ handmade furniture and there are about 10 major furniture manufacturers who have mass¬ production capabilities. The wood industry is developing rapidly in the Bursa¬Inegöl area, the third most important furniture production region, which is surrounded by forest areas. The furniture industry of the İnegöl area is small sized but has great potential to improve itself.  Another  important  furniture  region  is  Kayseri,  which  has  large  capacity  for  the production of sofa beds, couch beds and seven of the twenty two largest manufacturers of Turkey  are  established  here.  Izmir  also  has  a  furniture  production  districts  called “Karabağlar and Kısıkköy” which supply furniture to the Aegean Region.

Production In  Turkey

Furniture  production  can  be  classified  in  accordance  with  materials  used  as wooden furniture (massive and veneered), metal furniture and others. Wooden furniture has a major share in total furniture production. As it is known for good quality furniture, the types of wood used and plywood inputs have to be taken into consideration. The main types of wood used in the manufacture of massive furniture in Turkey are ash, beech, oak, pine, linden and mahogany. In veneered furniture, oak, beech, walnut and mahogany are used.



Turkish  furniture  factories  use  the  latest  technologies  in  producing  furniture,  which  is always up to world standards. Since 1990 the application of advanced technology and the use of CNC benches in the Turkish furniture industry have been increasing. Today, all of the  large  enterprises  in  the  furniture  sector  use  CNC  benches.

Most  companies  are equipped  with  modern  machinery  which  allows  the  production  of  good,  export¬quality products.  Quality  control  starts  from  the  stage  when  the  raw  material  is  produced  and continues  till  the  end  of  the  packaging  process.  Most  of  the  companies  have  already obtained ISO 9000 certificates and other required quality certificates. The large scale firms comply with world standards in their packaging processes. In packaging PE, PP, foam, poly¬urethane and cardboard boxes are used. Many of the large companies have special packaging sections.

As  with  many  other  consumer  products,  furniture  production  is  sensitive  to  changes  in fashion. Since furniture design is an important aspect of marketing, Turkish designers are constantly following consumer preferences in foreign markets and introduce new designs and make model variations and improvements.

Turkish furniture manufacturers and exporters are aware of the fact that market trends and consumer behavior play an important role in the development and design of new products. Since  Turkey  has  a  strong  textile  industry,  Turkish  furniture  manufacturers  have  the advantage  of  being  able  to  use  and  to  monitor  a  wide  range  of  colorful  new  fabric collections as upholstery.

Exports

Turkey’s furniture exports have had an upward trend in recent years. This is mainly due to improvements in capacity, quality and design. Exports of Turkish furniture reached to US $ 1.33  billion in  2008,  but  decreased  to  US  $  1.15 billion  in  2009 by  the effect  of global financial crisis, representing a decrease of 13 % with respect to the previous year.

Main export  products  were:  wooden  bedroom  furniture  and  dining  room  and  living  room furniture,  seats  convertible into  beds, seats for  motor  vehicles.  In 2008,  Turkey  ranked third in the world exports of seats convertible into beds which also traditional items are showing the large family, hospitality and past nomadic characteristics of our nation.

In  2009,  Turkey  exported  furniture  to  166  countries  throughout  the  world.  The  main markets for furniture exports were Iraq, Germany, Iran, Azerbaijan, France, Netherlands, Greece and the United Kingdom. In recent years, Turkish furniture companies have been establishing showrooms and depots in increasing numbers in most of these countries. The Turkish  contracting  sector  is  one  of  the  major  sectors  exporting  services.  Turkish contractor  companies  who  have  undertaken  construction  work  abroad  have  completed many housing complexes, tourism projects, hospitals and health center projects, most of which were decorated with Turkish furniture. Turkish  furniture  is  designed  and  made  from  the  highest  quality  materials  to  ensure comfort, performance and attractive appearance for a very long life. Different styles are produced such as classical, traditional and contemporary. With its designers and architects combined  with  its  flexible  production  capacity,  the  Turkish  furniture  industry  is  able  to satisfy the requirements of all individual markets all over the world. Today, with all these aspects of the furniture industry, Turkey is among the most promising furniture suppliers in the world

Source

by Ahmet KÜÇÜKASLAN
2010

 

 

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